Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence | 2/4 | 21#23 5/5 (1) 12 min read

The current article is the second article in a series of three articles, which will dedicate to a detailed review of the client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment.

The current article deals with the following type of client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment:

  • Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow
  • Outlook client protocol connectivity flow

Exchange 2013 - 2007 coexistence - Outlook and autodiscover client

Article Table of content | Click to Expand

Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence | 2/4 | 21#23

To be able to understand the different “Exchange clients” connectivity protocol flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment, we will review five types of “relationships” that exist between Exchange 2010 client and the Exchange CAS 2013 server:

  • Autodiscover client – protocol connectivity flow (Part 2#4)
  • Outlook client – protocol connectivity flow (Part 2#4)
  • OWA client – protocol connectivity flow (Part 3#4)
  • ActiveSync client – protocol connectivity flow (Part 4#4)
  • Exchange web service client – protocol connectivity flow (Part 4#4)


Article Series Table of content | Click to Expand

Exchange coexistence environment | Article Series

Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow | Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence

Just a brief review about the Autodiscover infrastructure in an Exchange 2013 coexistence environment and in our specific scenario:
The New York Exchange CAS 2013 will be configured as the Autodiscover Endpoint for internal + external Exchange clients.
The “Exchange clients” could be Native Exchange clients (Exchange 2013 clients) or legacy Exchange clients (Exchange 2010 clients).

All the Exchange clients: New York, Madrid, and Los Angles, will start the Autodiscover process by addressing the “New York Exchange CAS 2013”.

Autodiscover flow in Exchange 2013/2010 CAS coexistence environment | Highlights

  • Exchange 2013 CAS server doesn’t “generate” Autodiscover information, but instead, “delegate” another Exchange CAS server\s to “fulfill” this task. In a scenario of Exchange client 2010 client that requests Autodiscover information, the Exchange 2013 CAS will “forward” (Proxy) the request to Exchange 2010 CAS.
  • In an Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment, the element that “deliver” the Autodiscover information to the Exchange 2010 mail client is the Exchange 2013 CAS.
  • The element that “generate” the Autodiscover information from the Exchange 2010 client is the Exchange 2010 CAS.

Note – You can read more information about Autodiscover in Exchange 2013 coexistence environment in the following articles:

In the next section, we will review three passable Autodiscover scenarios.
Two Autodiscover scenarios of external Exchange 2010 Autodiscover clients and one scenario of “internal Autodiscover Exchange 2010 client”.

Autodiscover connectivity flow – External client

Scenario 1: Autodiscover client | User mailbox located on New York site.

Scenario charters: an external Exchange 2010 client, need to get Autodiscover information.

  • Exchange user type: Exchange 2010 client (Exchange user whom his mailbox is hosted on the Exchange 2010 mailbox server).
  • Exchange mailbox server location: the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server who hosts the user mailbox, is located on the New York site.

The Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow, will be implemented as follows:

  1. External Exchange 2010 Autodiscover client, query DNS for an IP address of an Autodiscover Endpoint by looking for a host named: autodiscover.o365info.com,
    Which will be resolved to the IP address of the Public facing Exchange 2013 CAS server at the New York site.
  2. The external Exchange 2010 Autodiscover client, provide his user credentials.
  3. CAS2013 uses the user credentials and performs an Active Directory lookup.
  4. CAS2013 determines that:
    • The user mailbox version is: 2010
    • the Exchange 2010 mailbox server that host the user mailbox is located at the New York site
    • The New York site includes a local Exchange CAS 2010
  5. CAS2013 will proxy the Autodiscover request to the local Exchange 2010 CAS (Number 2).
  6. CAS2010, will generate the Autodiscover response and send it back to the CAS2013 server (Number 3).
  7. CAS2013 “provide” the Autodiscover response to the External Exchange 2010 Autodiscover client (Number 4).

Exchange 2013 2010 coexistence -Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow 1

Scenario 2: Autodiscover client | User mailbox located on Los Angles site | Destination site = Intranet site | No local Exchange 2010 CAS

Scenario charters: an external Exchange 2010 client, need to get Autodiscover information.

  • Exchange user type: Exchange 2010 client (Exchange user whom his mailbox hosted on the Exchange 2010 mailbox server).
  • Exchange mailbox server location: the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server which hosts the user mailbox, is located on the Los Angles site.
  • The New York site, doesn’t have a “local” Exchange 2010 CAS.

The “New York Public facing Exchange CAS server” will need to forward the Autodiscover requests to the “Los Angles Exchange CAS 2010”, because that in the current scenario, there is no local Exchange CAS 2010 in the New York site.
The Exchange CAS 2013 will need to “locate” the “Los Angles Exchange CAS 2010” and proxy for him the Autodiscover request.

The Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow, will be implemented as follows:

  1. CAS2013 will proxy the Autodiscover request to the Los Angles Exchange CAS 2010 (Number 2).
  2. Los Angles Exchange CAS 2010, will generate the Autodiscover response and send it back to the New York CAS2013 server (Number 3).

Exchange 2013 2010 coexistence -Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow 2

Scenario 3: internal Autodiscover client | User mailbox located on New York site.

Generally speaking, the “internal Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow” is based on the same logic, as the logic that was reviewed in the former section, in which we have discussed the Autodiscover flow of external Exchange 2010 Autodiscover clients.

The main differences between the “Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow” in the internal Exchange infrastructure are:

  1. The method which internal Autodiscover client, use for locating the Autodiscover Endpoint in the internal network, implemented by query the local Active Directory for information about available “Autodiscover Endpoints” (Exchange CAS server\s).
  2. Internal versus external Autodiscover Endpoint hostname – in some scenarios, the host name of the “internal Autodiscover Endpoint” (Exchange 2013 CAS in our situation) is different from the hostname of the external Autodiscover Endpoint name (the public name) this configuration described as a disjoint namespace.
    In such a scenario:

    • The internal Exchange 2010 client will refer to the “internal Autodiscover Endpoint” name.
    • The Autodiscover information that is provided to the internal Exchange clients, will include the “internal URL address”, meaning URL address that includes the “non-public FQDN names” of the Exchange servers and Exchange web service.

In the following diagram, we can see a standard “internal Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow” of Exchange 2010 client.

  • The Exchange 2010 will query the Active Directory (Lookup SCP records in Active Directory),
  • Get the name of the available Autodiscover Endpoint (the Exchange 2013 CAS)
  • Address the Exchange 2013 CAS and ask for Autodiscover information.

Exchange 2013 2010 coexistence -internal Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow

Outlook client protocol connectivity flow | Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence

Before we begin with the description of the Outlook connectivity flow in an Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment, I would like to briefly review the communication charters of Outlook client and Exchange server.

The client protocol connectivity flow of the Outlook client based on the concept in which the Outlook client, needs to locate an Exchange server which configures as RPC Endpoint.
The information as the host name of the RPC Endpoint and the specific parameters that required for the communication with the RPC Endpoint provided as part of the Autodiscover process.

Outlook clients and the RPC Endpoint

The method in which Outlook client “get the name” of the Exchange CAS server who will “serve him”.

In the context of “Outlook client communication session”, Outlook client, relates to Exchange CAS server as an: RPC Endpoint.
Outlook and his RPC Endpoint
Theoretically, we can manually provide Outlook client the name of his “RPC Endpoint” but in reality, the Outlook client gets the required name of “his RPC Endpoint” by using the Exchange Autodiscover services.

In the following diagram, we can see that the first step in the communication channel between Outlook and the Exchange server is the step in which Outlook addresses the Exchange server as an: Autodiscover Endpoint.

In our scenario, the external Outlook client, “communicates” with the Exchange server using the host name: autodiscover.o365info.com (Number 1).

After the successful completion of the authentication process, the Exchange server (the Public facing Exchange 2013 CAS server in our scenario) will provide Outlook the Autodiscover information, which includes the name (the public FQDN name) of the “RPC Endpoint” (Number 2). For example: mail.o365info.com

In our scenario, the Public facing Exchange 2013 CAS server holds the rule of Autodiscover Endpoint + “RPC Endpoint.”

In step 2, the external Outlook client, addresses the “RPC Endpoint” by using the public FQDN: mail.o365info.com (Number 3).

Outlook Anywhere - Getting the name of the RPC Endpoint

You can read more information about the subject of Outlook connectivity in Exchange 2013 coexistence environment in the following articles:

Outlook flow in Exchange 2013/2010 CAS coexistence environment | Highlights

New York and Los Angles external Exchange 2010 Outlook client: locating the “Public RPC Endpoint” server.

  • The “New York Public facing Exchange CAS” act as “Public RPC Endpoint” for New York and Los Angles external Outlook clients
  • The “Madrid Public facing Exchange CAS” act as “Public RPC Endpoint” for Madrid Outlook clients
  • Madrid external Outlook clients, will get the host name of the “Madrid Public RPC Endpoint” from the Autodiscover information provided by the “New York Public facing Exchange CAS”.

New York and Los Angles external Exchange 2010 Outlook client: access to the mailbox

  • Exchange 2013 CAS will proxy the Exchange 2010 Outlook client requests to the Exchange 2010 infrastructure (Exchange 2010 CAS). New York Outlook user’s requests, will be proxy the local Exchange CAS 2010 in New York.
    Los Angles Outlook user’s requests will be proxy the local Exchange CAS 2010 (if exists) and then, the New York Exchange CAS 2010 will proxy the Outlook client requests to the “Los Angles Exchange CAS 2010”

Communication channel between “New York Public facing Exchange CAS” and internal Exchange CAS 2010

  • Exchange 2013 CAS doesn’t support any more “direct RPC” but instead, only Outlook Anywhere (RPC over HTTP). The communication channel between the Outlook client and the Exchange 2013 CAS must be implemented using RPC\HTTP. The communication channel between Exchange 2013 CAS other Exchange CAS server, servers, must be applied using RPC\HTTP.
  • To enable the “communication channel” between Exchange CAS 2013 server and Exchange 2010 CAS server, we will need to implement the following steps:
    *Enable the Outlook Anywhere service on each of the existing Exchange 2010 CAS servers
    *configure the IIS authentication method to use NTLM.

Outlook Anywhere connectivity flow | internal + external Outlook clients

The “New York Public facing Exchange CAS”, serves as a “focal point” for two types of “Outlook clients”: external + internal Outlook clients.

To simplify the client protocol connectivity flow description, we will relate only to the “external Outlook client” but the same logic and protocol flow also implemented to the “internal Outlook client.”

Scenario 1: Outlook client | User mailbox located on New York site.

Scenario charters: an external Exchange 2010 Outlook client, need to get access to his mailbox

  • Exchange user type: Exchange 2010 client (Exchange user whom his mailbox is hosted on the Exchange 2010 mailbox server).
  • Exchange mailbox server location: the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server who hosts the user mailbox, is located on the New York site.

The Autodiscover protocol connectivity flow, will be implemented as follows:

  1. Based on the Autodiscover information that he has, the External Exchange 2010 Outlook client looks for an RPC Endpoint server named: mail.o365info.com (address the “New York Public facing Exchange CAS”).
  2. The external Exchange 2010 Outlook client, provide his user credentials.
  3. CAS2013 uses the user credentials and performs the Active Directory lookup.
  4. CAS2013 determines that:
    • The user mailbox version is: 2010
    • The Exchange 2010 mailbox server that host the user mailbox is located at the New York site
    • The New York site includes a local Exchange CAS 2010
  5. CAS2013 will proxy the Outlook connection request to an Exchange 2010 CAS (Number 2).
  6. The CAS2010 will accept the request and “forward” (Proxy) the Outlook connection request to the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server (Number 3).
  7. Exchange 2010 mailbox server, provides the required user mailbox content to the CAS2010 (Number 4).
  8. CAS2010 proxy back the information to CAS2013 (Number 5).
  9. CAS2013 provides the required information to the external Outlook client (Number 6).

Outlook Anywhere -Internal and External Exchange Outlook Anywhere clients

Scenario 2: Outlook client | User mailbox located on Los Angles site | Destination site = Intranet site | Local Exchange 2010 CAS

Scenario charters: an external Exchange 2010 Outlook client, need to get access to his mailbox.

  • Exchange user type: Exchange 2010 client (Exchange user whom his mailbox is hosted on the Exchange 2010 mailbox server).
  • Exchange mailbox server location: the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server who hosts the user mailbox, is located on the New York site.
  • The New York site, have a “local” Exchange 2010 CAS.

Since in our scenario, the Exchange 2010 user mailbox, is hosted on Exchange 2010 Mailbox server on other sites (Los Angles site) and since the local Active Directory site (New York site) includes a “local Exchange 2010 CAS”, Exchange 2013 CAS will proxy the request to the local Exchange 2010 CAS (Number 2) which in his turn, will proxy the request to the “remote Exchange 2010 CAS” that is located at the Los Angles site (Number 3).

Note – the rest of the process is identical to the steps that we have already reviewed in -Scenario 1: Outlook client | user mailbox located on New York site.

Outlook Anywhere External Outlook Anywhere - User mailbox in Los Angles

Additional reading

Enable the Outlook Anywhere service and configure NTLM authentication

Exchange 2013 coexistence | Article series index

The Exchange 2013 coexistence article series index page

0/23

Exchange 2013 coexistence environment and client protocol connectivity flow | The prefix

1/23

The importance of Exchange 2013 CAS in Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Part 1/2

2/23

The importance of Exchange 2013 CAS in Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Part 2/2

3/23

Exchange Public infrastructure | Public versus non Public facing Exchange site

4/23

Exchange Public infrastructure | Public versus non Public facing Exchange site

5/23

Exchange web services in an Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Part 1/2

6/23

Exchange web services in an Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Part 2/2

7/23

Exchange 2013 coexistence environment and the Exchange legacy infrastructure

8/23

The checklist for preparing your Exchange 2007 infrastructure for Exchange 2013 coexistence

9/23

The checklist for preparing your Exchange 2010 infrastructure for Exchange 2013 coexistence

10/23

Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Autodiscover infrastructure | Part 1/2

11/23

Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Autodiscover infrastructure | Part 2/2

12/23

Basic concepts of Outlook connectivity in Exchange 2013 coexistence environment | Part 1/2

13/23

Exchange 2013 coexistence environment and Outlook infrastructure | Part 2/2

14/23

Manage legacy Exchange URL address using a PowerShell script

15/23

Client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2007 coexistence environment | Introduction and basic concepts| 1/4

16/23

Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2007 coexistence environment | 2/4

17/23

OWA client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2007 coexistence environment | 3/4

18/23

ActiveSync and Exchange web service client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2007 coexistence environment | 4/4

19/23

Client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment | Introduction and basic concepts| 1/4

20/23

Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment | 2/4

21/23

OWA client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment | 3/4

22/23

ActiveSync and Exchange web service client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment | 4/4

23/23

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Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence | 2/4 | 21#23
Article Name
Autodiscover and Outlook client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence | 2/4 | 21#23
Description
The current article is the second article in a series of three articles, which will dedicate to a detailed review of the client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment. The current article deals with the following type of client protocol connectivity flow in Exchange 2013/2010 coexistence environment:Autodiscover client protocol connectivity flow Outlook client protocol connectivity flow
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